The Denomination of Origin and Protected Geographical Indications were originally simple collective marks governed by national regulations. It was only later, thanks to adequate recognition at the international level, that these were legally recognized outside the borders of the State in which they were registered.
The EU regulation number 2081/92 provides for European community registration of the numerous national Denominations of Origin and Protected Geographical Indications for a number of agri-food products, providing complete legal protection for these marks, within all European Community countries.
The Doc (Controlled Denomination of Origin) is a mark attributed to wines produced in specific delimited areas, usually by small and medium-sized producers, with the indication of their geographical name. By regulation, the name of the vineyard follows that of the Doc and the regulations governing production are quite severe. The Doc wines are released for sale only after undergoing thorough chemical and sensorial analyses.
The Docg (Controlled and Guaranteed Denomination of Origin) is a mark attributed to the Doc wines with "specially prized qualities," which have earned national and international renown. These wines are subjected to more severe controls, must be sold in containers no larger than five litres, and must bear the national seal which guarantees origin, quality and numbered bottles.
TheTypical Geographical Indication is attributed to wines characterized by geographical indication, which may or may not bear other indications (such as, for example, the vineyard). It is distinguished by production areas that are generally vaster and governed by less severe regulations.
The Dop (Protected Denomination of Origin) is a quality mark which is attributed to those foods whose special qualitative characteristics depend essentially or exclusively on the territory in which they are produced. The geographical environment includes both natural factors (climate, environmental characteristics), and human factors (production techniques passed down through the generations, artisan qualities, know-how) which, when combined, result in a product which is impossible to reproduce outside the given area of production. When a product is marked Dop, furthermore, the production, transformation and processing phases must take place in a delimited geographical area. Producers of Dop products must comply with the severe regulations established to govern the production process, and compliance to those regulations is guaranteed by the monitoring organization
The Igp (Protected Geographical Indication) is a quality mark which is attributed to those agricultural and food products with a given quality, reputation or characteristic which is determined by the geographical origin, and for which the production, transformation and /or processing takes place in a given geographical area. Therefore, in order to receive Igp recognition, at least one phase of the production process must take place in a particular area. Producers of Igp products must comply with the severe rules established in the production regulations, and compliance with those rules is guaranteed by the monitoring organization.